PHARMACOVIGILANCE: BARRIERS AND CHALLENGES
Pharmacovigilance is a new discipline which deals with adverse drug or any drug related problems. Pharmacovigilance programme was not bed of roses but its path is laid with challenges and barriers. It is facing obstacles from deficiency from professional health personal to web-based sale of drugs, counterfeit drug to self-medication, etc. It is an integral part of the health sector and identification and reporting of adverse drug effects will have a positive impact on the public health. Improvement in knowledge in pharmacovigilance and communication from the top level to the grass-root level in the health sector will help in proper implementation of the programme. Patient should be educated to report any adverse effects after taking drug and stop relaying on acquiring information related to drugs in web. Proper detection, reporting and analysis would help to implement the programme for the betterment of society.
Chein YW. Novel Drug Delivery Systems, 2nd edition, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2005, 157-63.
Kumar R, Philip A. Gastroretentive Dosage forms for prolonging gastric residence time. Int J Pharm Med 2007; 21 (2): 157-71.
Vyas SP, Khar RK. Controlled Drug Delivery: Concept and Advances 1st ed. Vallabh Prakashan; Delhi; 2002.
Smriti K, Dheeraj G, Rakesh P, Ahmad FJ. Recent Advances in Floating Drug Delivery System. The Ind Pharmacist Sep 2007; 1724.
Chatterjee CC. Human Physiology. Vol I, Medical Allied Agency; Kolkata; 2004; 435-38.
Waugh A, Grand A. Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology: In Health and Illness. 10th edi, Churchill Livinstone Elsevier; Edinburgh; 2006; 293-95.
Brahmankar DM, Jaiswal SB. Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics.
Kale RD, Tayade PT. A Multiple Unit Drug Delivery System of Pyroxicam Using Eudragit Polymer. India J Pharm Sci 2007; 69 (1) : 120-23.
El-Kamel AH, Sokar MS, Al Gamal SS, Naggar VF. Preparation and Evaluation of Ketoprofen Floating Oral Delivery System. Int J Pharmaceutics 2001; 220: 13-21.
Ali J, Arora S, Ahuja A, Babbar AK, Sharma RK, Khar RK, et al. Formulatin and development of hydrodynemically balanced system for metformin; In vitro and in vivo evaluation. Eur J of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 2007; 67.
Alok Kumar Dash, Dharmendra Singh,Jhansee mishra, Shrikant Nirwan and Shiv Prasad Pandey ;Development and characterization of chitosan nanoparticles loaded with amoxicillin.International research journal of Pharmacy,2011: 2(5) 145-151.
Alok Kumar Dash and Jhansee Mishra (2013); Formulation and invitro characterization of chitosan-nanoparticles loaded with ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, Der Pharmacia Lettre. 5 (4):126-131
Jhansee Mishra, Alok Kumar Dash and Rajeev Kumar. Nanotechnology challenges; Nanomedicine; nanorabots. Int. Res. J. of Pharmaceuticals .2 (4):112-120
Jhansee Mishra and Alok Kumar Dash .Formulation and floating activity of antihypertensive floating tablet Losartan .World journal of pharmacy and pharmaceutical science.2013;2(3):1246-1258.
Choia BY, Park HJ, H wangb SJ, Parkc JB. Preparation of alginate Beads for floating Drug Delivery System: Effects of CO2 Gas â€“ Forming Agents. Int J Pharmaceutics 2002 Jan.
Alok Kumar Dash, Jhansee Mishra and Chandra Mauli Dubey (2013).Dissolution profile of ranitidine HCl using HPMC, in International journal of inventions in pharmaceutical science. Int.J.Inv.Pharm.Sci.,1(2); 124-128
Durga Prasad Pattanaik, Una Laxmi Narayan, Alok Kumar Dash, Jhansee Mishra and Manoj Kumar Mishra .Design and evaluation of an extended release tablet dosage form of class-II drug, quetiapine fumarate. International research journal of pharmacy.2011: 2(3): 121-124.
Jhansee Mishra and Alok Kumar Dash .Formidable barriers: strategies technological challenges; targeted drug delivery to brain. International journal of pharmaceutical research and development 2012;4(05): 035 â€“ 042.
Copyright (c) 2013 Mintage Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.