ALTERATIONS IN BMI, BLOOD PRESSURE EXERCISE WITH ONE TO THREE TIMES PER WEEK WITH SOMEONE WHO DO NOT EXERCISE IN STUDENTS OF TEHRAN MEDICAL BRANCH OF AZAD UNIVERSITY, 2011
Background and Aim: These days, no one can dispute the fact that, in addition to positively affecting physical health, exercising has also the same effect on peopleâ€™s mental health. Given that young male and female university students, as the young academic population, play a substantial role in the health and well-being of any society, the present study investigated the differences in BMI and blood pressure in students who exercised for four and a half months one to three times a week in comparison with students who did not exercise in Islamic Azad University of Medical Branch of Tehran in 2016. Methods: In this case-series study, 100 students from Islamic Azad University of Medical Branch of Tehran who had entered the university in 2011 were randomly selected for the study and were investigated. The participantsâ€™ demographic information and their history of diseases were gathered through a researcher-developed questionnaire and their blood pressure was measured. BMI and blood pressure were measured and compared in the three groups after four and a half months of exercising. The data collected were analyzed by SPSS version 18 through using descriptive-analytical statistics and chi-squared statistical test (X2 test). Results: Of the 100 participants in the study, 50 students were female and 50 were male. Forty-eight percent of the participants did not exercise, 34% exercised once a week, and 18% exercised three times a week. The mean blood pressure change before exercising was 2.2 for systolic and 1.45 for diastolic blood pressures, and the mean BMI change was 0.6 kg/m2. Conclusion: The differences in the mean amounts for these three indexes before and after exercising were shown to be statistically significant (P=0.0001). furthermore, the amount of change in BMI and blood pressure differed based on the amount of exercise, in a way that the highest amount of change was for participants who exercised three times a week .
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