PATTERN OF MEDICAL EMERGENCIES AND PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF DRUGS IN AN ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY UNIT AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN KANCHEEPURAM DISTRICT, TAMILNADU.

Lavakumar Somu

Abstract


OBJECTIVES: To study the pattern of medical emergencies and to make an audit of the prescription pattern of drugs utilized in the Accident and emergency department of Shri Satya Sai Medical College and Research Institute. METHODS: The data was recorded in a proforma by seeing the Emergency medicine department  register every day morning, for the previous day’s cases. The pattern of medical emergencies were studied and the prescriptions were analysed. RESULTS:  115 prescriptions were studied with a total of 250 drugs in the prescription, with an average of 2.20 (± 1.11) drugs per prescription. Predominately males were admitted when compared to the female. Most common route of drug administration was intravenous injection (66.5%). Brand drug usage (69%) was high compared to generic drug usage(31%). Of all the drugs prescribed 79.8% of the drugs abided to the WHO essential drugs list. CONCLUSION: The prescription pattern of drugs showed polypharmacy as a concern with possibilities of drug-drug interactions in some of the cases which can be avoided.


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