RELIGIOUS ORIENTATION AND ITS EFFECTIVE FACTORS AMONG MEDICAL SCIENCES STUDENTS
Aim: Having information about how religious orientation is in medical sciences students, is necessary to improve it. Thereby, based on the limited studies in this regard, the present study was designed with the aim of studying the religious orientation and its effective factors among medical sciences students.
Methods: This study is a descriptive-analytic study conducted in Iran in 2015-2016. The sample of study was students who were studying at Qazvin University of Medical Sciences.The sample required for the present study was estimated to be 566 by using the sample size formula. The sampling was Quota Sampling.The Persian version of Religious Orientation Scale was used to examine the religious orientation of the students. The scale consists of 45 items divided into two subscales.
Results: Among 566 students participating in this study, 358 (61.2%) were girls and the rest were boys and 508 (87%) were single. The mean age of the participants was 23.3 years.In terms of religion, nearly 98 percent of the samples were Shia. In total, 14.5%, 67.5% and 17.4% of the participants showed poor, moderate, good and excellent religious orientation, respectively.
Conclusion: The present study showed that students of medical sciences have a good level of religious orientation. According to the importance of the religious attitudes in order to reducing mental disorders and promoting academic achievement of students, it is recommended that students be examined at the time of entering universities in terms of their spirituality and their attitudes toward spirituality.
Keywords: Religious orientation, Spirituality, Medical student, developing country
Hosseini Ghomi T, Salimi Bajestani H, Zakeri N. Relationship religious orientation and hope with health anxiety among women nurses in Imam Khomeini hospital of Tehran. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research. 2014;9(1):17-24.
Amirsardari L, Azari S, Esmali Kooraneh A. The relationship between religious orientation, and gender with a cognitive distortion. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. 2014;8(3):84-9.
Musarezaie A, Momeni T, Naji Esfahani H, Aminoroaia M. Relationship between religious orientation, anxiety and depression of students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. 2013. 2013:11.
Baloochi Beydokhti T, Tolide-ie H, Fathi A, Hoseini M, Gohari Bahari S. Relationship between religious orientation and moral sensitivity in the decision making process among nurses. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. 2014;7(3):48-57.
sadeghi s, sadeghi o, khodadadi z, tavakolizadeh j, tolidei H. The relationship between religious orientation and psychological well-being in Students of medical university of Gonabad in 91-1390. 2. 2015;1(4):57-63.
Jafarimanesh H, Tavan B, Matorypor P, Ranjbaran M. Relationship between Religious Orientation and Quality of Life. 2017. 2017;11(40):13.
Khansanami S, Abedini Z, Shahsiah M, Taheri kharameh Z. The relationship between religious orientation and studentsâ€™ quality of life at medical sciences university of Qom. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. 2015;22(3):282-8.
Allport GW, Ross JM. Personal religious orientation and prejudice. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1967;5(4):432-43.
rezapor mirsaleh y, khabbaz m, safi mh, abdi k, yavari m, behjati z. The relationship of religiosity, personality dimensions and self-efficacy with coping style of nurses practitioner students. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research. 2011;6(22):53-64.
Solati K, Rabiei M, Shariati M. The Relationship between Mental Health and Religious Orientation. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2011;5(3):42-8.
bayani a. The relationship between the religious orientation and anxiety and depression of university students. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2008;10(39):209-14.
Farasatkish F, Pirani Z, Khodabakhshi Koolaee A. Relationship of Psychological Well-being and Happiness with Religious Orientation among Female Students. Religion and Health. 2017;4(1):36-46.
Khoshnood G, Shayan N, Babaie Amiry N, Ashoori J. Rrelationship between Religious Orientation, Happiness, Locus of Control and Coping Strategies, and Spiritual Well-being Among Nursing Students. Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery. 2016;12(3):9-18.
Tabibi M, Ahmari Tehran H, Soltani Arabshahi SK, Heidari S, Abdi Z, Safaeipour R. The Association between Spiritual Health and Academic Achievement in Medical Students of Qom University of Medical Sciences, 2011. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2013;7(2):72-8.
Bahrami H, Tashak A. the aspects of relationship between religious orientation & mental health and ability of diagnose and clarify of religious orientation scales. Journal of Psychology and Education. 2005; 34(2): 41-63.
Naeimi E, Kazemi Z, Dehghan K. The Relationship between the Religious Orientation and Irrational Beliefs in the Elderly of Kahrizak Sanitarium. Clinical Psychology Studies. 2016;6(23):179-99.
Buzdar MA, Ali A, Nadeem M, Nadeem M. Relationship Between Religiosity and Psychological Symptoms in Female University Students. Journal of religion and health. 2015;54(6):2155-63.
Bhat SA (2015) Religious Orientation and Academic Stress Among University Students. Int J Behav Res Psychol, 3(3), 85-89
Copyright (c) 2018 Mintage Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.