A REVIEW ON TRADITIONAL LARVICIDAL PLANTS
Background: Mosquito are vectors of many serious diseases and spread rapidly. The destruction of mosquitos larvae is comparatively convenient than adult mosquitos and nymphs. Most of the countries using chemical to kill the larvae however, the chemicals are hazardous to environments and many species of mosquitos have developed resistance against DDT other pyrethroid class insecticides. Therefore, traditional larvicidal plants are best alternatives. Methods: The present review includes the information on herbal larvicidal plants found in different parts of the world published in between the years 2011 to 2017. Results: A total of 108 species of flowering plants, algae and lichens covered. Out of 108 species, 46 are reported to exhibit mosquitocidal/larvicidal properties against A. aegyptii, 35 against Culex quinquifasciatus, 16 plant species against Anophelesstephensi, respectively. Conclusions: Keeping environment and human health in mind the traditional larvicidal plants are effective way for the management of mosquitoesâ€™ population in tropical countries.
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