INVESTIGATING THE CAUSES OF NEONATAL MORTALITY AND ITS PREVENTION METHODS IN URMIA CITY
Introduction: According to that infant mortality rates indicative of the community health status, therefore, knowing the major causes of neonatal death is very effective in reinforcing pregnancy, childbirth, and newborn care system plans in the community. This study was conducted to study the causes of neonatal mortality and its prevention methods in Urmia city.
Method: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 510 infants who died in Urmia during 2015-2017. Data were collected using the records of the infant cases and analyzed by SPSS software and statistical tests.
Findings: The results showed that the mortality rate in the boy newborns was higher than the girls and the most common cause of infant mortality was premature birth defects (75%).Other causes of the neonatal mortality were: congenital and chromosomal abnormalities (19.6%), accidents (0.2%), cardiovascular diseases (0.4%) and other causes (4%).
Discussion & Conclusion: According to studying, the most common causes of infant mortality are prematurity and low birth weight. Therefore, it is recommended to teach mothers how to prevent the birth of premature and low birth weight babies and how to care for premature and low birth weight infants.
Keywords: Death and mortality of neonatal, premature and low weight, prevention methods
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