EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF PHYLLANTHUS RETICULATUS AND PHYLLANTHUS ACIDUS
Based on tradition and literature records medicinal plants can be directly or indirectly used for medical purposes. The basis for this use is that these plants contain so called active ingredients (active principles or biologically active principles) that affect physiological (metabolic) processes of living organisms, including human beings. The plant Phyllanthus acidus has been used for the general promotion of health and longevity. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of Phyllanthus reticulatus and Phyllanthus acidus belongs to the family of Euphorbiaceae. In India, the fruit are taken as liver tonic, to enrich the blood. The syrup is prescribed as stomachi and the seeds are cathartic. The leaves are used for sciatica, lumbago or rheumatism. The root is drastically purgative and regarded as tonic in Malaya but is boiled and the steam inhaled to relieve coughs and headache. Externally, the root is used to treat psoriasis of the soles of feet. The juice of the root bark, which contains Saponin, Gallic acid, tannin and crystalline substance which may be Lupeol, has been employed in criminal poisoning. Decoction of bark is used as Astringent, Diuretic and alternative. A pill made of its leaf juice mixed with camphor and cubebs as a remedy for spongy and bleeding gums.
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