STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF PHYSIOTHERAPY EXERCISE ON RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS PATIENTS
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inﬂammatory disease with a prevalence around 0.8 (range: 0.3–1.0) per 100 adults, and a peak in onset of disease between 55 years and 64 years of age. It has a high societal impact due to treatment requirements and losses in productivity which, mainly affects the synovium of peripheral joints, with great impact on quality of life, regarding the social, economic and psychological aspects.
The study carried to assess the impact of physiotherapy exercise on rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Patients and methods:
The sample consisted of 50 cases42 of them are females and 8 of them are males, patients’ age ranges from 22-75 years. In this research the impact of physiotherapy on quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis was investigated using the Index of disease activity: Disease Activity Score(DAS) and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ).
The study demonstrated significant increment between baseline and post exercise between (5.06±0.844) and (4.764±0.973) respectively (P -value 0.01) for DAS score and(1.144±0.111) baseline and (1.085±0.148) post exercise ( P value= 0.014) for HAQ scores. This increment was as result to exercise which helps decreasing disability, functional capacity impairment and joint count. The positive impact on both functional capacity and disability is likely to be clinically relevant.
Keywords: Rheumatoid arthritis, Disease Activity Score -28 (DAS-28), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), Physiotherapy.
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