POVERTY AND DISEASE: ARE THEY THE MAJOR IMPEDIMENTS IN SUB–SAHARAN AFRICA?

POVERTY RELATED DISEASES IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

  • Mr. Etefia Etefia Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Calabar, P.M.B 1115, Eta Agbo, Calabar, Nigeria
  • Mr. Solomon Ben Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Calabar, P.M.B 1115, Eta Agbo, Calabar, Nigeria
Keywords: Malaria, HIV, Tuberculosis, NTDs, Poverty, Infections, Sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

Background: This was a review of poverty related infections in Sub–Saharan Africa. Neglected tropical diseases and infectious diseases of poverty are employed to define a number of infectious diseases more commonly found in areas where poverty is high. Poverty related infections describe those infections which are more prevalent in low–income populations while NTDs are said to be historically overlooked diseases at the community, national international levels and are endemic in many resource–poor populations and developing countries. The Sub–Saharan Africa has the greatest burden of these infections in the world; a region with the world’s poorest people.

Method: Information for this review came from a comprehensive search of titles related to poverty related infections, HIV, malaria, tuberculosis, infection in Sub–Saharan Africa using PUBMED and other bibliographic databases. The abstracts of relevant articles and full articles available on line were accessed and references were reviewed to extend the search.

Result: Available data show that the major poverty related infections are malaria, HIV and tuberculosis with Sub–Saharan Africa bearing the greatest burdens of these infections. NTDs also have great impact in this region even though the burden is not as much as the collective effects of malaria, HIV and tuberculosis. These infections have negatively affected millions of people with more persons still infected and risk factors associated with these infections include poor shelter, poor sanitation, lack of potable water, malnutrition, lack of access to quality medical services and cultural beliefs.

Conclusion: There is therefore need to formulate and enforce policies by the governments and every other stakeholder as well as need for interventions that will change the existing cultural beliefs on infections in order to promote the health conditions of those living in Sub–Saharan Africa and every other vulnerable society of the world.

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Published
2019-11-11
How to Cite
Etefia, E. U., & Ben, S. (2019). POVERTY AND DISEASE: ARE THEY THE MAJOR IMPEDIMENTS IN SUB–SAHARAN AFRICA?. Mintage Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2320-3315), 5-9. Retrieved from http://mjpms.in/index.php/mjpms/article/view/494
Section
Review Article(s)