Chinmaya Keshari Sahoo, Surepalli Rammohan Rao, Muvvalal Sudhakar, Satyabrata Bhanja


The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection which leads to severe suppression of immune functions where CD4+ cell count falls below 200 cells/µl. AIDS is a real threat to the health of mankind and the search for effective therapies is still of great importance. Antiretroviral therapy for the treatment of AIDS is costly and many limitations are associated with antiretroviral therapy. Hence, herbal medicines are frequently used as alternate medicines by individuals living with HIV.Numerous plant-derived compounds have been evaluated for inhibitory effects on HIV replication and many have been found to inhibit different steps in HIV replication cycle. The aim of this review is to give an idea for herbal medicines which are used to inhibit HIV.

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